Hello

      SRIMAD BHAGAVATAM

 

         

  Sri mad Bhagavatam. 12 Skandhas in Bhagavatam.

1st SKANDHA:-

Saunaka Requests to narrate The Bhagavata

The Supreme Being, from whom the creation, preservation and destruction of this visible world arise and without the world cannot exist and who is both the immanent and the transcendent Reality, is present as the self-effulgent Consciousness is all created things. Even as sun rays sometimes appear as water as earth and earth as water, the world witch is the outcome or the three gunas, sattva, rajas and tamas appears in Him, the substratum, as though it is real. He made the Vedas shine in the greatest of scholars and wise men. By the resplendent glory of his own, he remains as the master of his maya and is not deluded by it. We meditate on this Supreme Being.

     This Bhagavata, compiled by the sage Vedavyasa, teaches us the way (the religion) to attain to the supreme Reality, the knowledge of witch dispels the threefold sorrows. Only sages with pure heart can know this Supreme Reality, witch will immediately shine in the hearts of those who hear this Bhagavata recital. What is the use of other Yogas, when there is the Bhagavata way-the Bhakti Yoga-the Yoga of Love-which helps us to realize the Self easily?

In Naimisaranya, in olden days, the rishis ware conducting a sacrifice lasting for a thousand years with a view realize the Self. Saunaka was the eldest and most prominent among them. One morning, after completing their daily routine of worship, Suunaka reverentially said to Suta, who had taken his seat, “You are well versed in the epics and puranas and you know everything that Vyasa and other sagas know, by their grace. This is the age of Kali when people are short-lived and dull-witted and unfortunate and having no inclination for self-realization. The scriptures are also numerous and preach many different ways to attain the self. You place tell us the surest and easiest way for Self-realization. You know that the Supreme Being was incarnated as Krishna born of Devaki and Vasudeva. Those who repeat his name are immediately liberated from bondage. Please tell us stories of His various playful avataras and the noble deeds”.

Suta Explains Moksha

Suta congratulated Saunaka and other rishis who expressed their rhirst to hear the Lord’s stories and said: I bow down to Sri Suka, who having become the inner soul of all things, and therefore, even the trees responded the call “my dear son” of Vyasa, who was agitated at the separation of his son who was running away even before the sacred thread was invested on him because he had no more any action to perform. I take refuge at the feet of the teacher of sages. Sukadeva who, our of sympathy for the worldly minded people, and who, with a view to uplift them from chaos, narrated the Bhagavata Purana which is the essence of all Vedas and which illuminates the self. One should recite the sacred Bhagavata after bowing down to the sages Narayana and nara, Sri Krishna, The Narorrama, goddess Sarasvati and Sage Vysa.

Suta Continued: Your request to hear Bhagavan’s stories is most appropriate, as it is conductive to the welfare of the entire world. The highest duty of men is devotional to Sri Krishna, without any motives. Love developed for Vasudeva, will bring with it jnana (wisdom) and Vairagya (dispassion). All other virtues will not bear fruit unless there is love for Krishna. The wise men call the Consciousness which is one and without duality of subject and object, by various names such as Brahmin, Paramatman and Bhagavan. It must be the aim of men to secure the grace of Sri Hari. Therefore all men must hear the stories of, worship, sing the praises of and meditate upon, Sri Hari, will cut off all bonds fettering man. The desire to hear the stories of Sri Hari is the result of contact with great sages and pilgrimage to sacred spots. Hearing his own stories, Sri Krishna who is present in the heart, will dispel all impurities of the mind. When the impurities of the mind are removed by Him. Bhakti or Love for Him will develop. As Bhakti increase, the desire and greed will vanish, the mind will become pure. The truth about God will shine spontaneously. Ignorance and doubts will disappear. Therefore the wise man should practice the yoga of Bhakti to Vasudeva. By assuming his maya, the one supreme Being appears differently as Brahma, Vishnu and Siva. Fire is superior to smoke which is superior to wood. Sattva is superior to Rajas which is superior to Tamas. We must progressively rise up from Tamas to Rajas and then to Sattva. The aim of all Vedas, all sacrifices, all yogas, all rituals, all knowledge, penance and righteousness is to attain the self.

The self evolved the manifested world and entered all varieties of creations as their controller (antaryami) and the one self appears as many, just as fire takes many forms according to the forms of the logs of wood. The Lord himself as the antaryami, suffers and enjoys various experiences in various bodies. He creates the world and taking avatars in various species, protects them. 

Suta Narrates The Avataras

Suta said: With the desire of creating various worlds, the Lord assumed the form of Pirisha consisting of the Cosmic Intellect (mahat-tattva) and sixteen components. This is the Purushavatara, the first incarnation. Form his navel, came out a lotus flower from which Brahma originated. Virat Purusha had thousands of heads and thousand of hands, feet etc. Virat is the outer gross from and Viratpurusha is the subtle Antaryami pervading the Virat. This is the seed for all future Avataras and creation of other beings. The later incarnation (Avataras) of Narayana are: 


                       (1) The Sanaka Brothers avatar


                 (2) Varaha (the divine Boar)


                          (3) Narada avatar


 (4) Nara-Narayana avatar, born of parents Dharma and Murti.

 


                                 (5) Kapila avatar

 

 

(6) Dattatreya avatar, born out of sage Atri and Anasuya


               (7) Yajna avatar, born of Ruchi and Akuti


(8) Rishabha avatar, born of King Nabhi and Queen meru Devi


                    

                                       (9) Emperor Prithu avatar

 

 


      (10) Matsya avatar or the Divine Fish

 


               (11) Kurma avatar or the Divine Tortoise

 


                              (12) Dhanvantari avatar

 


                            (13) Mohini avatar

 


                                                   (14) Narasimha avatar
  


(15) Vamana-a avatar, Brahmin boy of very short stature


                                    (16) Parasurama avatar
   


   (17) Vyasa avatar born of Sage Parasara and Satyavati


    (18) Sri Rama avatar, born of Dasaratha in Ayodya


                       (19) Sri Krishna avatar


                           (20) and Balarama

(21) Buddha avatar, son of Ajana in Magadha or North Bihar

(22) Kalki avatar, son of Brahmin called Vishnuyasas.

There are countless avataras of the Lord. The sages, manus, prajapatis and all who possess great power, are all, part manifestations of the Lord. But Krishnastu Bhagavan Svayam. Sri Krishna is the full manifestation of the Supreme Being or the Purnavatara. The gross from of the University and subtle form, the jiva or soul who is subjected to the cycle of births and deaths, are both manifestation of the lord, superimposed on the Self though ignorance, the first form of maya. When these superimpositions are removed through the second form of Maya, Jana or knowledge, the realization of the Self is achieved. The reason for incarnations of the Lord is a guarded secret of the Vedas. He creates preserves and destroys the world. He is in the heart of all. He experiences the objects of the mind and senses, yet remains separate from the objects.

We cannot understand the Lord and his actions with the help of our intellect or by argument and discussion. That person who has devoted love for his feet, alone, will come to know the Lord. Sri Vedavyasa composed this Bhagavata which in on a par with the Vedas. Vyasa taught his son Suka, this Bhagavata and Suka expounded it to king Parikshit and other Rishis. I also sat along with them and learnt the Bhagavata from Suka by his grace. I will narrate to you the same, to the best of my ability.

Narada Calls on Vyasa

Saunaka then asked suta to narrate in greater detail the circumstances in which the Bhagavata was written. Suta said Vedavyasa was born Parasara and Satyavati in Dvapara Yuga and was a part manifestation of Sri Hari. One morning at sunrise, Vyasa was meditating and saw the advent of Kaliyuga in his vision. He saw that people would be short-lived and dull-witted, with little interest in spiritual attainments. For the benefit of persons who would live in Kaliyuga, Vyasa divided the Vedas into 4 branches, Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva and entrusted these to each of his disciples, Paila, Vaisampayana, Jaimini and Sumanthu respectively. He then composed the Ithihasas and the puranas and my father Romaharahana was put in charge of them. In order to bless even women and dull-witted people. Vyasa then composed Mahabharata containing Srimad Bhagavad Gita in it. After doing all these for the welfare of the people who would be born in Kaliyuga, Vyasa felt that something was still wanting to give him peace of mind. He suspected that this was because he had not so far described in full, the glory of Sri Hari except touching it here and there in Mahabharata. While sitting like this, agitated in mind, Narada called at the Ashram and Vyasa received him and worshiped him.

Narada asks Vyasa to Compose The Bhagavata

Brahmarshi Vyasa then requested Devarshi Narada, to find out the reason for his not having peace of mind, even after so much work on Vedas, Itihasa and Puranas, had been done by him. Narada said, “You have failed to describe adequately the full glories of the Eternal Being Sri Hari. You have given excellent treatises on Dharmasastras. All things edcept the Lord’s exploits, put man into the trap of duality and multiplicity of names and forms. Therefore, you sit in meditation and recall the doings and exploits of Sri Hari and compose another book, describing his excellences and then you will gain perfect peace of mind”.

Narada then narrated his own story: “In the Kapla, in my previous life, my mother was a servant woman of a Brahmin family. Some sages came to stay there during the rainly season and I was employed in serving them. Though I was only a child I had no pleasure in toys, sports games and served the sages, as best as I could. I ate, once a day, what remained after their eating and listened to the discourses they held, stressing on the importance of love for Sri Krishna Bhagavan. Hearing again and again, I developed more and more bhakti and my mind became fixed on Sri Hari. Art the time of their departure, the being pleased with me, imparted to me the secret wisdom revealed by the Lord Himself, the knowledge of which leads to Self-realization. I told you my own story, to show you how devotion to Sri Hari dispels the threefold sorrows. All deeds done by man, in general, lead to rebirth, but the actions dedicated to Sri Krishna are not binding on the doer. Oh sage! Recapitulate the glories of the Lord, sing his glories and put an end to all trials and tribulations which frequently beset man”.

Narada asks Narrates His Previous Birth

Narada continued: After the departure of the saints, one day, my mother was bitten by a snake on her way to milk a cow and she died. I thought it a blessing conferred on me by Sri Krishna to cut off my last attachment and I proceeded in the northern direction. Passing through many villages, mountains and rives, I, at last reached a thick forest, where I took bath in a river, drank some fresh water and refreshed myself. I sat at the foot of a peepul tree and meditated on Sri Hari as described by the saints. Suddenly I saw the lustrous form of Sri Hari in my heart. I was overcome with joy and opened my eyes and again tried to see beautiful form but it had disappeared and however much I tried, I could not again have a vision of Him. An Akasavani (voice from the skies) was heard saying, “You are not fated to see me gain in this life, I showed you my form once, to attract you to me. In you next birth, you will become my servant”. I then wandered about, fixing my mind on Bhagavan and repeating his names about without any shyness. In due time, the material body fell off and at the end of the previous Kalpa, my Jivatma entered the body of Brahma through his breath and Brahma entered Sri Narayana who having withdrawn everything to him, was in Yoganidra. At the beginning of this Kapa, Brahma was reborn in the lotus and I was out of his lap, along with Marichi and others. Now I go about playing on this Veena, which Sri Hari gave me for singing hes praises. To cross the ocean of mundane existence, the only raft is hearing his stories. The Ashtangayoga and other things cannot bestow that tranquility obtained by devotion to Sri Hari. The sage Narada then took leave of Vyasa and went on his usual rounds.

Asvatthama Bound up And Released

Suta said: On the western side of river Sarasvati, there was a place called Samyaprasa where many sages lived. Vyasa, one day, sat in his ashram there and was engaged in deep meditation. Suddenly there appeared in his vision the Supreme Purusha (Vishnu) and his Maya. It is under the delusion of Maya that the Jivatma thinks that he is a product of the three gunas of Maya. Vyasa, understanding that it is by bhaktiyogaor Devotion to the Paramatma, that the Jiva can be made to realize that he is the Self, wrote Srimad Bhagavata. As a person goes on reading the Bhagavata, his devotion to Sri Krishna increases, which dispels fear and delusion. Vyasa taught it to his son, Suka, Even sages like Suka who are well established in Brahmin, take delight in practicing devotion to Sri Hari whose virtues are great. Suka studied it everyday, captivated by the merits of Sri Krishna.

I shell now tell you the story of Parikshit, son of Abhimanyu and Uttara and the grandson of Arjuna and Subhadra. At the end of the Mahabarata war, all the Kauravas had been killed. Asvatthama, son of Drona, thought of pleasing Duryodhana, who was about to die, by taking to him the heads of all Panchali’s children. He killed all the children when they ware sleeping. Arjuna promised to take vengeance and followed Asvattama, in a chariot piloted by Sri Krishna. Even though he did not know the withdrawal of it. Asvatthama sent the Bramastra (a missile presided over by Brahma) against Arjuna, who as advised by Bhagavan, sent another Brahmastra and quenched the flames of both the missiles and withdrew them both. Arjuna then bound up Asvatthama with ropes. Krishna in anger, scolded Arjuna for not killing the ruffian Asvatthama but Arjuna did not kill him and returned to the tent. Panchali, in spite of his evil action, bowed to Asvatthama and shrieked, “Free him, free him, he is the son of your guru who taught you everything about the science of archery. Dronacharya himself is present in his son. Don’t persecute him and be instrumental for causing grief to his mother Kripi”. Yudhishthira and his brothers including Arjuna, and also Sri Krishna, congratulated panchali, but Bhimasena muttered, “Killhim”. Sri Krishna then told Arjuna to do such action as to please Bhima, Pachali and himself. Arjuna understanding the intention of Krishna cut off with his sword, the gem on Asvatthama’s head and the locks of hair and released him. Shaving the head of a Brahmin and expelling him from a place are equivalent to killing him. The Pandavas then performed the funeral rites of the children.

Parikshit Saved in the Womb

Suta continued: The Pandavas and Kauravas went to the Ganges to perform ablutions for their departed kinsmen. Sri Krishna, sage Dhaumya and other rishis consoled the grief-stricken Pandava brothers and Dhritarashtra and others by saying that all created beings are subject to death which cannot be averted. Having secured the lost kingdom for Yudhishthira and after helping him to perform Asvamedha sacrifices, Sri Krishna mounted his chariot along with Uddhava and Satyaki to return to Dvaraka, when Uttara came running to him and said, “Let me die; please save the child in my womb”. Asatthama had sent a Brahmastra to destroy the pregnant Urrara and the Pandavas saw five burning shafts directed aginst them. Sri Krishna protected them with his disc Sudarsana to which the irresistible Brahmastra had to surrender. Sri Krishna then, protected the womb of Uttara by the veil of his Maya. This is no wonder on Sri Krishna, who is the embodiment of all wonders, who performs the mighty wonders of creation, preservation and destruction of the infinite cosmos. Kundti then thanked Sri Krishna and sang his glories. She prayed to Krishna, “Let calamities befall us every now and then, so that we may have your darshan. When you come to protect us from time to time, by seeing you, we can get out of the cycle of births and deaths. Your incarnation among men, beasts and aquatic creatures is only to protect righteousness and it is a mere sport of yours”. “It shall be as you desire”, said Krishna, smilingly to kunti.

Though Yudhishthira was comforted by Sri Krishna and sages like Vyasa, he was still brooding overe the vast sins, he thought, he had committed during the Kuru-Pandava war. He thought that his sins could not be redeemed by Asvamedha Yaga which involved further killing.

Bhishma Stuti

Suta continued: Thus worried over the sins he had committed during the Mahabharata war, Yudhishthira accompanied by his brothe and Sri Krishna, went to Kurukshetra where Bhisma lay fallen in the war and was lying on the bed of arrows. The pandava brothers and Sri Krishna himself made obeisance to him. Many Brahmarshis, Devarahis and Rajarshis had assembled there to see Bhishma. Bhishma paid his regard to the sages and to Sri Krishna whose full glories ware known to him. Bhishma said to the Pandavas “Adversity occurs even where Yudhishthira, son of Dharma is ruling, helped by Bhima’s mace and Arjuna’s Gandiva bow and whose friend is Sri Krishna. Can lesser human beings expect to tide over adversities ordained by Providence?” Bhishma then instructed Yudhishthira on the dharma relating to charities, duties of women, Dharma-Artha-Kama-Moksha (the four purusharthas) in brief and in detail. Bhishma had decided to give up his body in Uttarayana. When the time arrived, he wound up his talks and with concentrated mind, kept his attention on Sri Krishna whose looks rejuvenated him from the wounds he had suffered in the battle. Bhishma then sang the glories of the Lord.

I offer my Mind, which is devoid of all desires for enjoyment of sensual pleasures to the Supreme Being who occasionally for sport, assumes a body, like the present one among the Yadus. May I have love for this dark complexioned form wearing yellow robes. May I have love for this form I saw in the battle, pierced by my arrows and with drops of perspiration on his face. May I have love for Sri Krishna who piloted Partha’s chariot and who by his looks, took away the lives of the warriors in the opposite camp. May I have love for Sri Krishna who spoke the Gita to Arjuna and dispelled his delusion in the battlefield. May I have devotion to Sri Krishna who ignoring his own vow, saw that his devotee’s vow was fulfilled, and who took up arms and sprang at me from the chariot to kill me, dropping his upper garment. At the last moment of my life in this world, I see the Parthasarathi with reins in on hand and whip in the other. The Gopakanyas attained identity with him by thinking always of his giants and playful actions. May I recollect that form of Sri Krishna in the Rajasuya Yaga. I meditate on Sri Krishna who is the unborn Lord without any diversity, who appears in many forms and who is present in the heart of all creatures at all times”. Having thus extolled the Lord, Bhishma expired. Yudhishthira and others along with Sri Krishna returned to Hastinapura. With permission of Dhritarashtra, Yudhishthira became the king and ruled over the kingdom.

Krishna Leaves for Dvaraka

Suta continued: Yudhishira ruled over the kingdom with ribhteousness, paying due regard to Bhishma,s advice and to Sri Krishna’s injunctions. There was peace and plenty everywhere during his reign. Having secured the kingdom for Yudhishthira by destroying the wicked men, Sri Krishna stayed Hastinapura for some time. He then bowed to Yudhishthira and the elders and was embraced and greeted by others like Bhima, Arjuna, Subhadra, Kunti, Dhaumya, Dhritarashtra and Gandhari etc., and prepared to leave for Dvaraka. The Pandavas the Pandavas and the citizen of Hastinapura could not bear the departure of the enchanting person Sri Krishna, who had befriended them and blessed them in so many ways. Arjuna held the umbrella over the head of Sri Krishna, Uddhava and Satyaki waved chowries. There was beating of drums and blowing of conches. The women went up to the top of the buildings to have the sight of Sri Krishna going in procession. The women talked among themselves-“This Sri Krishna is verily the Supreme Purusha who remains separate from the Prakriti. It is He who can be attained only by the pure hearts of sages in their Samadhi state. Assuming a body occasionally, he performs various deeds to protect the righteous and to destroy the wicked. The Yadava race is blessed. Dvaraka where he lives, puts the fame of heaven to shame. Oh! How he secured Rukmini from the midst of the crowd of king, defeating them. Blessed are his consorts who see him always”. Hearing such talk, Sri Krishna greeted them with smiles. Yudhishthira deputed an army escort him. When the chariot had moved to some distance, Sri Krishna sent back the Pandavas and set out for Dvaraka and reached there comfortably. 

Krishna Leaves for Dvaraka

Suta continued: Yudhishira ruled over the kingdom with ribhteousness, paying due regard to Bhishma,s advice and to Sri Krishna’s injunctions. There was peace and plenty everywhere during his reign. Having secured the kingdom for Yudhishthira by destroying the wicked men, Sri Krishna stayed Hastinapura for some time. He then bowed to Yudhishthira and the elders and was embraced and greeted by others like Bhima, Arjuna, Subhadra, Kunti, Dhaumya, Dhritarashtra and Gandhari etc., and prepared to leave for Dvaraka. The Pandavas the Pandavas and the citizen of Hastinapura could not bear the departure of the enchanting person Sri Krishna, who had befriended them and blessed them in so many ways. Arjuna held the umbrella over the head of Sri Krishna, Uddhava and Satyaki waved chowries. There was beating of drums and blowing of conches. The women went up to the top of the buildings to have the sight of Sri Krishna going in procession. The women talked among themselves-“This Sri Krishna is verily the Supreme Purusha who remains separate from the Prakriti. It is He who can be attained only by the pure hearts of sages in their Samadhi state. Assuming a body occasionally, he performs various deeds to protect the righteous and to destroy the wicked. The Yadava race is blessed. Dvaraka where he lives, puts the fame of heaven to shame. Oh! How he secured Rukmini from the midst of the crowd of king, defeating them. Blessed are his consorts who see him always”. Hearing such talk, Sri Krishna greeted them with smiles. Yudhishthira deputed an army escort him. When the chariot had moved to some distance, Sri Krishna sent back the Pandavas and set out for Dvaraka and reached there comfortably. 

Sri Krishna Received at Dvaraka

Suta continued: Reaching Anartha, near Dvaraka, Sri Krishna blew the Panchajanya to comfort the people who ware grief-below stricken at his absence for a long time. Hearing the sound of the conch, the people of Dvaraka came out to meet him and received him saying, “We are fortunate to have you again in our midst. Bless us”. Sri Krishna entered the city, extending his grace to all devotees by his warm looks. The streets and gates and housefronts ware all adorned with festoons. Roads were cleaned and flowers sprinkled over them. At the entrance of every house, people offered many things for worshipping the Lord. Vasudeva, Devaki, Ugrasena, Pradyumna, Samba, Balarama, all got up in hurry to receive the Lord with beating of drums of blowing of conches and chanting of vedic hymns. The Lord met relatives, servants and the people, gratifying them all with pleasant talk and embraces and shaking of hands. All had the feast of his sight. Fist of all Sri Krishna went to vasudeva and Devaki and the other consorts of Vasideva and bowed to them. Then he met each of his own consorts in their separate mansions. Full of love, they embraced the Lord bashfully. The Purusha who remains eternally separate from the Prakirti, now having assumed the human form, thus mingled with all in a playful manner as if He was having great attachments to all of them. Thus sported the Lord, who has absolutely no attachment, as if he was in the grip of attachment to all, whom he came across, in his playful sport.

Birth of Parikshit

Suta continued: Yudhishthira was righteously ruling over the kingdom, always keeping his mind on Sri Krishna and his was a benogn and prosperous rule. Uttara had been saved by the Lord, from Asvattama’s Brahmastra. Parishit, while in the womb, saw an effulgent Being as big as a thumb with blue complexion and yellow robes with four arms and with a mace in one hand which he revolved round and round, quenching the fire of the Brahmastra. The beautiful form of Krishna then disappeared.

In due course, Parikshit was born under auspicious stars. Yudhisthira rejoiced to see his grandson and celebrated the occasion of his birth by giving gifts of food, cloths, gold and cows to Brahmins. Scholarly Brahmins read horoscope of Parikshit and predicted, “This grandson of yours will be a jewel tour race. He will have prowess like his grandfather Arjuna and excellent virtues like those of Sri Krishna for whom he will have great Devotion. He will be terror to his enemies and merciful to the needy and oppressed. He will subdue Kali. He will, towards the end of his life, incur the curse that he will be bitten by Takshaka, will renounce everything and take a vow of starving until death, sit on the banks of the Ganges, will be instructed by sage Suka and realize the Self”. He is called Parikshit, because as a gifted boy, he used to look for the form of Sri Krishna he saw in the mother’s womb, among the people whom he met. Parikshit soon grew up to be a youth full of good qualities and having devotion for Sri Hari. Yudhisthira had reason to be really proub of hes grandson.  

Dhritarashtra Leaves For Himalayas

Suta continued: Vidura, having been instructed on the self by sage Maitreya, returned to Hastinapura where he was received by Yudhishthira and others with great joy. Vidura told the Pandavas all details of his pilgrimage but withheld the information of the extinction of the Yadava race which he came to know he visited the sacred city of Prabhasa. Vidura them out of sympathy for Dhritarshtra told him, “A wise man should in his old age east off all attachments to his relatives and keep his mind on Sri Hari. Are you not asamed to eat the food given by the Pandava brothers on whome you heaped injury after injury? Better leave this place and go to the Himalayas”. Hearing these words of Vidura, Dhritarashtra accompanied by Gbadhari and Vidura, left the place and reached the Himalayas. Yudhishthira not finding hes uncle Dhritatashtra, who was both blind and very old, felt very miserable. Sage  Narada came there and told Yudhishthira the whole story about the missing  Dhritrashtra and comforted him saying, “How can one man protect another, when he himself is in the jaws of the python of Time. All human beings are toys in the hands of the Almighty who units and separates people by his will. Therefore, grieve not. Sri Krishna is thinking of leaving this word. You live till then cheerfully”. Dhritarashtra, in the Himalayas, sat in yogasana and meditation on Sri Hari and cast off his body and attained to the Self. Ghandhari burned herself in the funeral pyer of her husband and Vidira left again on pilgrimage.

Arjuna Returns From Dvaraka

Suta continued: Arjuna had gone to Dvaraka to see Sri Krishna and others and even after many months, he did not return. Many fearful omens were to be seen at Hastinapura. Yudhishthira said to Bhimasena, “What do thse terrible portents forbode? What is the reason for these evil omens? Probably the time, predicted by Narada for the departure of Sri Krishna from this wirld, has come”. Arjuna now returned with a gloomy face and fell at the feet of Yudhishthira, tears flowers from his eyes. Yudhishtira enwuried about the welfare of ht kith and kin at Dvaraka nad asked arjuma why he looked sad.

Arjuna Narrates Krishna’s Svargarohanam

Suta continued: Overcome by the grief at the Lord’s departure from this world, Arjuna could not speak out. At last he mustered courage and spoke to Yudhishthira. I have been deceived by Sri Hari, who befriended me on many occasions and now my valour is gone. It was because of Sri Krishna’s grace that I was able to correctly hit the target and get Draupadi as our wife. It was again by his grace, that I was able to conquer India and by the burning of Khandava, get the demon Maya to build the wonderful place for us. It was by Sri Krishna’s grace that your younger brother Bhimasena was able to kill Jarasansha to enable you to perform the Rajasurya Yaga. It was by his grace that insult to Draupdi byDussasana was warded off, by his supplying unending length of clothes. When Duryodhana sent sage Durvasa with his ten thousand disciples to us in the forest, Sri Krishna ate a piece of saka leaf Drupadi’s vessel and saved from the impending curse of the rishi. I got Pasupatastra from Lord Siva by his grace. I shared the throne of India in his court, by his blessing. I destroyed Nivatakavacha and other demons for the devas, by his grace. I was able to win the Mahabharata war all alone by his grace. With the help of Sri Krishna, I was able t recover the cows for king Virata. As my charioteer, sitting in front of me, by his looks, he took away the life and strength of the opposing army. I escaped unhurt from the missiles of valiant heroes like Bhishma and Drona, by his grace. I shudder to think of the way in which he smiled at me and joked with me and addressed me as Partha, Arjuna, Kurunandana friend. We shared the same bed, food and walked together and talked together. Sri Krishna used to put up with all my faults. Now I am bereft of him and therefore, on my way back esorting hes consorts, I was defeated by mere cowboys as if I ware a woman. Where is my heroism, the hero who won the Mahabharata war? I hold in my hands tha very same Gandiva bow and the very same shafts. My chariot and horse are the same. I am the same hero before whom monarchs prostrated. All my heroism was, when Sri Krishna was with me. Now without Krishna to help me, I am defeated by cowboys. Hence the prowess and heroism of any hero is not his own but that which is imparted by Krishna by his grace

Then Arjuna narrated the story of how at Prabhasa, the Yadavas fought against each other and how all died except three or four and described how Balarama and Sri Krishna left this world. Arjuna recolled the Lord’s from in his heart and meditated on him ad become tranquil. His decotion to the Lord, purified the impurities of his heart. He derived consolation by remembering the words of the Lord, comprising the Gita message which was given to him, in the battlefield. Kunti, hearing the words of Arjuna, became very sad and fixed mind on Sri Krishna.

Yudhishtira now enthroned his grandson, the virtuous Parikshit as the king and the Pandava brothers and Kunti renounced everything and walked to the Himalayas. Purifying their mind by intense devotion to the feet Lord, all of them attained to Brahman. Vidura also, at Pravhasa, meditating on the Lord, cast off his body and returned to his adobe (Yama’s). Drupadi also meditated on Sri Krishna and realized the self.

Parikshit Meets Dhrma and Bhumidevi

Suta continued: King Parikshit, with great devotion to Sri Krishna, ruled over the country, listening to the advice of Brahmins. He married Iravati, daughter of his uncle Uttara and had four sons, Janamejaya and others. He performed three Asvamedha sacrifices, when Parishit was touring the country, he came to know that Kali had entered his territories. The same day when Sri Krishna left this world, Kali entered and Kaliyuga commenced. With weapons on hand, weapons is hand, Parikshit mounted his chariot and went through various countries where he heard the people praising Sri Krishna and Arjuna. Pleased with this, he gave gifts to the people. One day during his rounds, he saw righteousness (Dharma) in the form of a bull moving about on one foot and Mother Earth in the form of a cow with tears in her eyes. Dharma asked the cow the reason for her sorrow. Mother Earth, the cow, said that she was gloomy and sad on account if the departure of Sri Krishna from this world.

Kalinigraha

Suta continued: Parikshit saw in the form of a Sudra king, kicking the one-legged bull and the trembling cow. Pariskshit said to the bull that he, as the king of the country, would protect him and asked him who he was and who had cut off his other three feet. The bull said that suffering was said to be due to various reasons according to different schools of though and that the king may himself guess the cause of his suffering. Parikshit at onecunderstood that the bull was Dharma, whose only remaining leg was Truth. Parikshit then comforted Mother Earth, the cow who was afraid of Kali in the form of the Sudra king. He then derw out his sharp sword and aimed it at Kali. Kali at once abandoned his form as a king and fell at the feet of Parikshit. Feeling pity for him, Parikshit spared the life of Kali and said, “Leave my dominion of Brahmavarta at once”. Kali who was trmbling with fear, then requested Parikshit to give him a place to stay. Parikshit then assigned five places for Kali to live :

Kali to live(bad)

(1)   Dice (The place of Betting)

 (2)   Liquor

 

  (3)  Women (Illegal)

 

 (4)  The slaughter and house,(a place of where animals are killed for their meat)

 

  (5) Gold (Where illegal earnings accumulate)

 

 

From that time, Kali lives in these five places and virtuous men must keep away from them.

Parkshit then fixed the three lost of Dharma namely austerity. Purity and compassion. He also comforted Mother Earth and returned to his palace. You started this yajna when Parikshit was ruling over country.

Parikshit Cursed

Suta continued: Parishit was saved in the mother’s womb by Lord Krishna and was ruling over the country as a truly great king and subdued Kali.

Once Parikshit went hunting to the forest and was very tired. He was unbearable hungry and thirsty. Unable to find a place to get water, he at found the asrama of Samika rishi and went inside and requested him for some water. The sage was sitting in deep meditation beyind jagrat, svapna and sushupti. No answer came from the sage. Parikshit thought that the sage had purposely insulted him and he flew into a rage. He then lifted the body of a dead snake which was lying near, eith the tip of his bow and put it on the rishi’s shoulder and went back to the palace.

Sringi, the son of the sage, was playing nearby with some boys of hos age. He came to know from other boys, what Parikshit had done to his father. Sringi became very angry and pronounced a curse on Parikshit-“Let Parishit be bitten by on the seveth day from now”. He then went to his father and seeing the dead snake on his neck, cried aloud. Hearing the noise, the rishi came out of his Samadhi and saw the snake on his shoulder. He threw away the snake and asked his son why he was crying. The boy told his everything that happened. The sage did not approve of the boy’s action of cursing a good king like Parikshit and admonished the boy saying, “The King is really the Lord Himself. He is also a devoted bhakta of the Lord. Eventhough he was competent to cast a counter cures on you, he has not done so. That is the greatness of the Lord’s bhakta”.

The sage prayed to Sri Hari, “Bhagavan, forgive my boy who has committed an offence against your bhakta because he is immature”. Sage Samika felt very sorry for Parikshit. The sage himself did feel wounded at the injury done to him. In general, great souls do not feel elated or dejected on such events because they always their mind on the Atman.

Sri Suka Arrives

Suta continued: On his return to the palace, Parikshit felt very sorry, for his wicked action. He was quit sure that ere along, some great calamity would fall on him. Very soon, he came to know about Sringi’s curse on him that Takshaka would bite him on the seventh day from then. He took is as a blessing conferred on him by Sri Hari to produce dispassion in him for the transitory objects of the world to which, he had of late, been too much attached. He decided to give up all attachments and placed his son Janamejaya on the throne, and entrusted him with the kingdom. Renouncing everything, he left the palace and reached the bank of the Ganges. He took a vow that he would not eat anything or drink even water till his death and decided to worship Sri Hari. Parikshit sat facing north, on the southern bank of river Ganges on Kusa grass, and spread with their roots pointing to the east. There assembled many sages like Narada, Parasara, Vaiahtha, Visvamitra, gautama and many others. Parikshit bowed before the rishis and said, “In every birth I take hereafter, I pray that I may be blessed with devotion to Sri Krishna and his devotees and friendship for all”. The rishis congratulate Parikshit on his wise decision and they decided to remain there till he cast off his mortal coils. King Parikshit said to the reshis: “Tell me after due deliberation

(i) What should a mortal do under all circumstances and at all times

(ii) What is the duty of a man who is about to die?”

Meanwhile suka, who usually rambles about, came there followed by children and women. He had no markes of varna or Asrama and wore no clothes. He looked as if he was sixteen years of age with lovely face and will-shaped limbs. He had a swarthy colour. The sages present there recognized him by his characteristic features and rose from their seats. Parikshit bowed to him and conducted him to an exalted seat. Parokshit then prostrated at his feet, stood attentively and with joint palms told him ‘Today, I think Lord Sri Krishna is pleased with me. That is why you have come here. Be pleased to tell me what men should in general, do always, hear, think and what they should avoid. .What should I. who am about to die, do now’?

                       End of SKANDA 1

                                 Hari Om Tat Sat

                         2nd SKANDHA CLICK  

 

 

  Source: Srimad Bhagavatam TTD.

 

 

                 Links: jaagdish